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What is the Bible?

The Holy Bible is God‘s revelation and God‘s words to men. There are 66 books within the Book.
Because of this, it is also called the divine library. The entire books of the Bible have been divided into
two major parts: Old Testament (OT) and New Testament (NT). There are 39 books in the OT that
contains everything from the book of Genesis to the Book of Malachi. According to His sovereign will
and purpose, God chose and used 24 men to write 39 books of the OT in Hebrew and Aramaic
languages. If God used men to write the Bible, then this statement poses a question: How can the Bible
written by men be God’s Word? But the Bible clears this doubt by giving its own answer. Let me quote
some important bible verses from NT here.
All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction,
for instruction in righteousness – 2 Timothy 3:16.
For no prophecy was ever produced by the will of man, but men spoke from God as they were carried
along by the Holy Spirit – 2 Pet. 1:21).
God finished this writing of the Bible in a wonderful way. He did not disregard the personalities of the
human authors. He did not force them all to use the same style. He used them as they were. He
prepared them for their work. Under the guidance and supervision of the Holy Spirit, they received His
words and wrote them each in his own style, each with his own vocabulary, each according to his own
education. But what they wrote was not their words. It was God’s. The words they used were the words
chosen by God, and the thoughts they expressed were God’s revelation or God’s will to men.
Moreover, God called men of various times in the history of Israel to use them in the solemn work of
the writing of His Words. The first book of the Bible was probably written in c.1500 B.C., whereas the
last book of the Bible was written in c 59-96 A.D. Thus, the Bible records the history of four thousand
years or more. They were written in various parts of the Middle East. Most of them originated in
Palestine, but some came from Mesopotamia (modern Iraq), and some from Egypt or the Sinai
Peninsula. In the end, the writers were from different backgrounds such as shepherds, farmers,
noblemen, and kings.
These facts point to the varied theme that is presented in the books of the Bible. In spite of all these
variances, there is one consistent message about who God is, what He is like, and His plan for the
redemption of His people from sins. The inspiration of the writers in this noble task is ascertained by
God, the Holy Spirit. In addition, there is one factor that links all the books and their authors together.
They were members of God’s chosen people and the bible originated within the framework of the
covenant nation and the people of God: Israel and the Church of God.
Finally, let us see the history of the entire Bible‘s writing process in summary. About it, A.W. Pink, a
great modern theologian, and a best modern Christian author says, ―Though the Bible has in it 66
books, written by 40 different authors over a period of 1,600 years, covering 4,000 years of history and
so many generations of the world, relating to widely different states of society, containing such a
variety of matter upon so many different subjects, and abounding in supernatural incidents— yet it
agrees in all its parts, which becomes increasingly evident the more closely it is examined. Their
consistency without collusion is too uniform to be accidental and too incidental to have been mutually
planned.‖1
The Bible, therefore, must be the divinely inspired Word of God.
Therefore, the people of God and the church of Christ have recognized the books of the OT and NT as
God‘s inspired Word under the guidance of the Holy Spirit as He helps the writers to compose the
whole Bible. This process is called canonization. For canonization, they used the Christian and Jewish
traditions and histories of faith and practice as rules to recognize God‘s Word.

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